Original article

Dispatcher Support for the Provision of First Aid by Eyewitnesses of the Event During out-of-Hospital Circulatory Arrest in a Victim: Reality and Prospect

Dezhurnyy L.I. 1, Soghomonyan K.A. 2, Birkun A.A. 3, Zakurdaeva A.Yu. 1

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1 Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation

2 Ambulance Station of the city of Gelendzhik of the Ministry of Health of the Krasnodar Region, Gelendzhik, Russian Federation

3 Medical Academy named after S.I. Georgievskiy of V.I. Vernadskiy Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russian Federation

UDC 614.88:616-005

Pp. 53-58

Summary. Purpose of the study. The purpose of this work is to analyze the practical experience of remote support of first aid in out-of-hospital circulatory arrest using the example of the State Budgetary Institution of Health “Emergency Station of the Gelendzhik Resort City” of the Ministry of Health of the Krasnodar Territory.
Material and methods. The empirical basis of the scientific research was the analytical material on dispatching support for the provision of first aid in case of out-of-hospital circulatory arrest, contained in the works of Russian and foreign scientists. A study was made of the regulations governing the organization of first aid, including dispatching support for its provision.
Research results and their analysis. The experience of the GBUZ “Emergency Station of the Resort City of Gelendzhik” of the Ministry of Health of the Krasnodar Territory showed that the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in cases of circulatory arrest before the arrival of an ambulance, when eyewitnesses provided first aid during dispatching support (the proportion of successful resuscitations – 8.6%), was similar to that in cases of circulatory arrest in the presence of emergency medical professionals (7.4%).
In this regard, one of the options for increasing the frequency and quality of CPR by eyewitnesses of the incident may be to accompany the CPR by a telephone emergency dispatcher.

Keywords: algorithm, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, dispatching support, Emergency Station of the Gelendzhik Resort City, eyewitness, first aid, out-of-hospital circulatory arrest, victims

For citation: Dezhurnyy L.I., Soghomonyan K.A., Birkun A.A., Zakurdaeva A.Yu. Dispatcher Support for the Provision of First Aid by Eyewitnesses of the Event During out-of-Hospital Circulatory Arrest in a Victim: Reality and Prospect. Meditsina Katastrof = Disaster Medicine. 2024;1:53-58 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.33266/2070-1004-2024-1-53-58



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The material was received 23.07.23; the article after peer review procedure 01.03.24; the Editorial Board accepted the article for publication 13.03.24