Review article

Mobile Information and Communication Technologies to Improve the Effectiveness of First Aid Delivery: Review of Scientific Publications

Birkun A.A. 1,2, Kosova Y.A. 3

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1 Medical Academy named after S.I. Georgievskiy of V.I. Vernadskiy Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russian Federation

2 Crimean Republican Center for Disaster Medicine and Emergency Medical Care, Simferopol, Russian Federation

3 Institute of Physics and Technology of V.I. Vernadskiy Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russian Federation

UDC 614.88:614.8.01

Pp. 41-52

Summary. The objectives of the study are to analyze international scientific experience in the application of mobile information and communication technologies to improve the effectiveness of first aid provision and first aid training; to identify the main directions of scientific research and gaps in the existing scientific knowledge on these issues.

Materials and research methods. In the bibliographic databases PubMed and Scopus the search of English-language scientific articles was performed, in the Google Scholar database — Russian-language scientific articles on the topic of the study, published in the period from 2003 to 2022 inclusive, were searched. Additionally, we searched for works in the article lists of sources of the found publications. The bibliographic information management software Zotero version 6.0.18 (Corporation for Digital Scholarship, USA) was used to collect, save and systematize the search results and remove duplicates. The selected studies were subjected to descriptive thematic analysis.

Results of the study and their analysis. The leading directions of scientific research in the area were identified, and it was found that, with a significant thematic and methodological heterogeneity of works and ambiguity of the results obtained, the accumulated scientific data in general indicate a high prospect of using mobile technologies in the field of improving training in the provision and delivery of first aid. It is noted that at present the researches are mainly focused on: creation of systems for remote operational notification and accompaniment to the place of event of volunteers, pre-trained in first aid provision and included in the corresponding programs by means of crowdsourcing; development of mobile tools for assessment and maintenance of quality of first aid rendering and multimedia instructions on provision of first aid in real time, as well as on development of mobile technologies for training in rendering first aid. The performed studies are mainly aimed at improving the effectiveness of first aid delivery in cardiac arrest, and there are few works devoted to the development of mobile tools for improving first aid training or first aid delivery in other conditions.

Keywords: cardiac arrest, cell phones, first aid training, first aid, mHealth, mobile applications, resuscitation, smartphones, smartwatches

Conflict of interest. The authors declare no conflict of interest

For citation: Birkun A.A., Kosova Y.A. Mobile Information and Communication Technologies to Improve the Effectiveness of First Aid Delivery: Review of Scientific Publications. Meditsina Katastrof = Disaster Medicine. 2023;3:41-52 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.33266/2070-1004-2023-3-41-52



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The material was received 24.04.23; the article after peer review procedure 08.09.23; the Editorial Board accepted the article for publication 23.09.23