DISASTER MEDICINE No.4 •2022
Comparative Characteristics of Professional Activity of Medical Specialists in Non-Staff Units of Disaster Medicine Service of the Russian Ministry of Health and of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency
Ovcharenko A.P. 1, Lemeshkin R.N. 1, Tolstosheev V.N. 1, Luchshev A.V. 1
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1 Kirov Military Medical Academy of Russian Ministry of Defense, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Summary. The aim of the study was to investigate characteristics of professional activity of medical specialists from non-staff units of the Disaster Medicine Service of the Ministry of Health of Russia and from non-staff units of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency — in order to identify and to assess features of their activities both at their main place of work — in the daily activities mode, and as part of non-staff unit — in modes of high readiness and of emergency situations.
Materials and research methods. A sociological study (questionnaire study) of 255 medical specialists working in the non-staff units of the Disaster Medicine Service of the Ministry of Health (n=206) and of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency of Russia (n=49) was conducted. A special questionnaire was developed, the questions in which were composed to evaluate the expert level of medical specialist, to characterize his professional activity at the main place of work and in the non-staff formations in modes of high readiness and emergency situation. Each of respondents gave voluntary consent to process their personal data contained in the questionnaire, applying the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation on personal data and based on the decision of the independent Ethics Committee.
Results of the study and their analysis. General characteristics of medical specialists included in the non-staff units of the Disaster Medicine Service of the Ministry of Health of Russia and in the non-staff units of the FMBA of Russia were studied and presented. Their professional abilities and experience in providing medical aid to the victims of emergencies outside the medical treatment organization were analyzed. It is shown that medical specialists from the non-staff units of the Disaster Medicine Service of the Ministry of Health of Russia participate more often in elimination of medical and sanitary consequences of emergencies directly in the focus of mass sanitary losses. The suggestion on the expediency of the development of the integral index “load index” of a particular emergency area has been made.
Keywords: Disaster Medicine Service of the Ministry of Health of Russia, emergencies, Federal Medical and Biological Agency, focus of mass sanitary losses, medical specialists, non-staff units, victims
For citation: Ovcharenko A.P., Lemeshkin R.N., Tolstosheev V.N., Luchshev A.V. Comparative Characteristics of Professional Activity of Medical Specialists in Non-Staff Units of Disaster Medicine Service of the Russian Ministry of Health and of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency. Meditsina Katastrof = Disaster Medicine. 2022;4:13-16 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.33266/2070-1004-2022-4-13-16
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The material was received 07.09.22; the article after peer review procedure 21.11.22; the Editorial Board accepted the article for publication 23.12.22