DISASTER MEDICINE No. 3•2021
Medical Examinations and Psychophysiological Tests of Nuclear Industry Personnel as a Tool for Prevention of Radiation Accidents
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Bushmanov A.Yu.1, Kretov A.S.1, Kalinina M.Yu.1, Vlasova I.V.1, Lomteva A.A.1, Gugina A.A.1,
Tsarev A.N.1, Denisova E.A.1, Soloreva M.A.1, Samoylov A.S.1
1 State Research Center – Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russian Federation
Abstract. It is noted that at present the connection between the level of health of the worker and his professional reliability is obvious and does not require additional proof. To prevent radiation accidents caused by the human factor, medical examinations and psychophysiological tests of the personnel of enterprises operating nuclear facilities are carried out.
Legislative and normative legal acts regulating the procedure and rules for these medical examinations and inspections are reviewed.
The authors present an algorithm for making decisions on the necessity of organizing various types of mandatory medical examinations and psychophysiological examinations of employees of organizations operating nuclear facilities. The experience of specialists of the Federal Medical Biophysical Center named after A.I. Burnazyan of Federal Medical and Biological Agency of Russia shows that up to 25% of the total number of employees who underwent psychophysiological examination have inadmissible deviations (psychophysiological contraindications). This is an indication for rehabilitation measures. After completion of the rehabilitation course repeated examinations are carried out, according to the results of which 92.3% of workers have positive dynamics and return to professional activity.
Keywords: legal framework, medical examinations, nuclear industry personnel, psychophysiological examination, radiation accidents, regulatory documents
For citation: Bushmanov A.Yu., Kretov A.S., Kalinina M.Yu., Vlasova I.V., Lomteva A.A., Gugina A.A., Tsarev A.N., Denisova E.A., Soloreva M.A., Samoylov A.S.
Medical Examinations and Psychophysiological Tests of Nuclear Industry Personnel as a Tool for Prevention of Radiation Accidents. Meditsina katastrof = Disaster Medicine. 2021;3:20-23 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.33266/2070-1004-2021-3-20-23
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The material was received 28.05.21; the article after peer review procedure 12.07.21; the Editorial Board accepted the article for publication 10.09.21