DISASTER MEDICINE No. 2•2021
Medical Safety Assessment at Ski Resorts of the Russian Federation
Starkov A.S.1, Prostakishin G.P.1
1 State Research Center – Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russian Federation
Abstract. Within recent years, the number of ski tourists in the world has been growing. Taking into account the barriers to abroad tourism in 2020–2021, in the coming years, a significant increase in the flow of ski tourists to ski resorts of Russia should be expected. At the same time, it should be emphasized that the level of injuries at Russian ski resorts remains quite high, one of the reasons for which is an insufficiently developed regulatory and legal framework for medical safety of ski resorts.
The aim of the study is to classify ski resorts in Russia by level of their medical safety based on the developed criteria.
Materials and research methods. A survey of 271 employees and visitors of ski resorts was carried out. According to its results and taking into account their own experience, the authors identified 20 criteria that affect medical safety of ski resorts. The specified criteria were divided into 5 groups: “Facility design”, “Administration of ski resort”, “Maintenance of routes”, “Rescue service”, “Medical assistance and medical evacuation”.
Research results and their analysis. A point scale for assessing medical safety of ski resorts is proposed with the cumulative final results defined as: “insufficient level”, “minimum sufficient level”, “moderate level”, “maximum level”.
According to these criteria, an assessment was made of 21 ski resorts in Russia and in the neighboring countries, as a result of which only 4 ski resorts (19%) corresponded to the maximum level of medical safety; to the moderate — 16 ski resorts (76.2%). These results generally coincided with the opinion of the expert community, which supports the effectiveness of the developed classification.
Conclusions are made about the need to introduce this classification into the system of assessment and of certification of ski resorts and about the necessity to widely communicate the results of the assessment to visitors of ski resorts.
Key words: classification, criteria, medical safety, point score, Russian Federation, ski resorts
For citation: Starkov A.S., Prostakishin G.P. Medical Safety Assessment at Ski Resorts of the Russian Federation. Meditsina katastrof = Disaster Medicine. 2021;2:16-24 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.33266/2070-1004-2021-2-16-24
- Aaron Provance Fatalities in Skiing and Snowboarding from Avalanche to Objects Collision. International Extreme Sports Medicine Congress, Boulder, CO, June 2014.
- Ruedl G, Philippe M, Sommersacher R, Dünnwald T, Kopp M, Burtscher M. Current Incidence of Accidents on Austrian Ski Slopes. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2014;Dec;28:183-7.
- Yukio Urabe, Nobuaki Moriyama, and Noriaki Maeda Injury Trends in the Past 5 Years at a Skiing Area in Western Japan. ASTM International. Skiing Trauma and Safety: 20th Volume, 2014.
- https://tourism.gov.ru/contents/press-sluzhba/vystupleniya-doklady-i-intervyu/publikatsii-2017-goda/razvitie-gornolyzhnoy-industrii-v-rf-stanet-vozmozhnym-za-schet-kooperatsii-i-deshevykh-kreditov/ (In Russ.).
- https://www.vedomosti.ru/politics/news/2018/01/09/747279-smi-okolo-13-000 (In Russ.).
- https://ria.ru/20180121/1513019853.html (In Russ.).
7.https://www.swissinfo.ch/rus/%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D1%8B%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B4%D1%8B_%D1%88%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%86%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9%D1%86%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%88%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE-%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%B0/43809082 (In Russ.).
- https://rusunion.com/top-10-gornolyzhnyh-kurortov-rossii/ (In Russ.).
- https://make-trip.ru/russia/gornolyzhnye-kurorty-rossii (In Russ.).
- https://travelest.ru/rossiya/reyting-19-luchshih-gornolyzhnyh-kurortov (In Russ.).
The material was received 08.02.21; the article after peer review procedure 19.02.21; the Editorial Board accepted the article for publication 15.06.21