DISASTER MEDICINE No. 2•2020
Structure of Injuries in Victims with Peacetime Explosive Trauma: Terrorist Attack in Saint Petersburg metro on April 3, 2017
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Trukhan A.P.1, Samokhvalov I.M.2, Skakunova T.Yu.2, Ryadnov A.A.2
1 432 orders of the Red Star Main Military Clinical Medical Centre of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus, Minsk, Republic of Belarus
2 Military Medical Academy named after S.M.Kirov, the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Abstract. The purpose of the research is to study the structure of injuries in victims with explosive trauma in the terrorist attack in the metro of St. Petersburg on April 3, 2017.
Materials and methods of research. The nature of injuries in the victims of the terrorist attack in the metro of St. Petersburg on April 3, 2017 was analyzed. The sample included 55 victims who applied to medical treatment organizations on the day of the attack.
Distribution of victims by gender and age: men-28 (50.9%); women – 27 (49.1%); average age of victims – (36.2±16.7) years. The final clinical diagnosis, reflected in the discharge epicrisis, was used as the primary documentation.
Work with medical documentation was carried out with the permis sion of the heads of medical institutions that the victims applied to. Based on the data obtained, a table was formulated in Microsoft Excel for further analysis. To determine the percentage of injuries of various localization, all injuries were grouped by anatomical areas: head, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, spine, and limbs. In addition, changes in the general health status due to injury were analyzed.
Research results and their analysis. Injuries to the main anatomical areas (head, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, spine, extremities), the occurrence of combined trauma and combined lesions, and the impact of conditions for committing a terrorist act on them are considered. The features of injuries received as a result of an explosion in a confined space are formulated, which determine the main directions of diagnostic measures.
Keywords: closed space, damage, diagnostic measures, metro, peacetime explosive trauma, Saint Petersburg, terrorist act, victims
For citation: Trukhan A.P., Samokhvalov I.M., Skakunova T.Yu., Ryadnov A.A. Structure of Injuries in Victims with Peacetime Explosive Trauma: Terrorist Attack in Saint Petersburg metro on April 3, 2017. Meditsina katastrof = Disaster Medicine. 2020; 2: 29-31 (In Russ.).
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The material was received 06.04.20; the article after peer review procedure 19.05.20; the Editorial Board accepted the article for publication 27.05.20