Original article

Influence on Unctional State of People of Different Air Environments Used to Reduce Fire Hazard in Inhabited Hermetic Objects

Download the article in pdf format

Ivanov A.O.1, Motasov G.P.1, Eroshenko A.Yu.2, Anistratenko L.G.2, Groshilin S.M.2, Linchenko S.N.3, Bugayan S.Eh.2

Research Institute of Rescue and Underwater Technologies of the MTSC of the Navy “Naval Academy named after Admiral of the Fleet N.G.Kuznetsov”, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

Rostov State Medical University, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation

Kuban State Medical University, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Krasnodar, Russian Federation

UDK 612.821:612.275

Pp. 24–28

Abstract. The aim of the study – a comparative assessment of the influence on the functional state and performance of people of air environments with different oxygen and carbon dioxide content, used to improve fire safety of inhabited sealed objects.

Materials and methods of research. The study involved 20 male volunteers aged 21-30 years, who spent 4 hours daily during 30 days in normobaric air environments of modified composition.

Research results and their analysis. The main result of the study, in addition to confirming the previously discovered possibility for man to periodically stay and perform work in fire-safe environments, is to define the significant negative impact of the hypercapnic factor, even in concentrations permissible for the premises of hermetic objects, on the physiological reserves of the body and physical performance of a person. When hypoxia and hypercapnia are combined, the undesirable effects of these factors are potentiated, which must necessarily be taken into account when using fire-safe environments in inhabited sealed objects, in which it is necessary to strengthen control over the composition of the gas environment, technical means of ensuring air regeneration and purification, as well as technical means of monitoring the gas environment.

Key words: fireproof air environments, functional state of a person, hypercapnia, hypoxia, inhabited hermetic objects

For citation: Ivanov A.O., Motasov G.P., Eroshenko A.Yu., Anistratenko L.G., Groshilin S.M., Linchenko S.N., Bugayan S.Eh. Influence on Functional State of People of Different Air Environments Used to Reduce Fire Hazard in Inhabited Hermetic Objects. Meditsina katastrof = Disaster Medicine. 2019; (4): 24–28 (In Russ.), https://doi.org/10.33266/2070-1004-2019-4-24-28


1. Bilyy A.M., Vasil’kov A.M. Psychophysiological predictors of human and system integration on modern Navy ships. Morskaya meditsina. 2018; 4; 3: 64–74 (In Russ.).

2. Zhdan’ko I.M., Isaenkov V.E., Vorona A.A. et al. Professional reliability of a military pilot: medical and socio-psychological aspects. Voenno-meditsinskiy zhurnal = Military Medical Journal. 2016; 337; 6: 30–36(In Russ.).

3. Arhipov A.V., Karpov A.V., Smurov A.V., Chumakov V.V. Providing fire safety on submarines. Morskoy sbornik. 2013; 3: 2–7 (In Russ.).

4. Petrov V.A., Ivanov A.O. Promising ways to improve fire safety of energy-saturated inhabited airtight objects. Bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti. 2017; 10: 37–39 (In Russ.).

5. Sovetov V.I., Andreev S.P., Andreeva E.S. A way to create conditions for human life in a special seal object of the Navy: Patent No. 2520906 RU dated June 27, 2014. Byulleten’. 2014; 18: 24–29 (In Russ.).

6. Chumakov V.V. Alternative approaches to tackling the problem of sealed fire prevention. The habitability of ships. Radiation and Toxicological Safety. Korablestroenie v XXI veke: problemy i perspektivy = Shipbuilding in the 21st Century: Problems and Perspectives. Materials from the Inter-industry Scientific and Practical Conference. St. Petersburg Publ., 2014. Pp. 115–118 (In Russ.).

7. Bezkishkiy E.N., Ivanov A.O., Petrov V.A., Eroshenko A.Yu., Groshilin V.S. et al. Human health during periodic stay in hypoxic air environments that reduce the fire danger of germoobjects. Ekologiya cheloveka. 2018; 9: 4–11 (In Russ.).

8. Ivanov A.O., Eroshenko A.YU., Kostylev A.N. et al. Comprehensive assessment of the permissibility of cyclical human stay in hypoxic environments that provide fire safety to airtight inhabited objects. Chelovek i obshchestvo: sovremennye problemy bezopasnosti = Man and Society: Modern Security Problems. Materials of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference with international participation. Kursk Publ., 2018. Pp. 65–69 (In Russ.).

9. Barachevskij Yu.E., Golenduhin K.G., Groshilin V.S. et al. Hyperbaric rerespiritration as a means of optimizing the complex therapy of military personnel suffering from abacterial chronic prostate. Ekologiya cheloveka. 2016; 8: 33–39 (In Russ.).

10. Dubrovskij V.I. Funktsional’nye proby v sporte = Functional tests in sports. Moscow, FiS Publ., 2006. 224 p. (In Russ.).

11. Petrukovich V.M., Ivanov A.O., Zotov M.V., Fedorov S.I. The effect of hypoxia on the mental health of operators with different strategies for processing information in RAM. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seria 12. 2015; 3: 27–37 (In Russ.).

12. Shatov D.V., Groshilin V.S., Ivanov A.O. et al. Correction of deviations of psychophysiological status of persons of dangerous professions by using hypoxic gas air mediums. Ekologiya cheloveka. 2014; 9: 3–7 (In Russ.).



The material was received 09.07.19; the article after peer review procedure 01.10.19; the Editorial Board accepts the article for publication 27.11.19