DISASTER MEDICINE No. 1(105)•2019
ADAPTIVE RESPONSE OF OXYGEN-TRANSPORT SYSTEMS OF HUMAN ORGANISM TO LENGTHY STAY IN FIRE-SAFE GAS ENVIRONMENT WITH HIGH ARGON CONTENT Download the article in pdf format
Eroshenko A.Yu.1, Bykovskaya T.Yu.1, Ivanov A.O.2
1 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Rostov State Medical University”, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
2 Joint-Stock Company “Association of Developers and Producers of Monitoring Systems”, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
The results of the analysis of adaptive reactions of human oxygen transport systems during a long stay in a fire-safe gas environment with a high content of argon are presented. It is shown that in these conditions in the systems of blood circulation, external respiration and blood system adaptive changes are formed aimed at maintaining gas homeostasis that allow to maintain human activity and performance.
The conclusion is drawn on the possibility of formation of similar environments in manned pressure chambers to improve their fire safety.
Key words: adaptive response, fireproof gas environment with a high argon content, human oxygen-transport system, pressure chambers
For citation: Eroshenko A.Yu., Bykovskaya T.Yu., Ivanov A.O., (Adaptive Response of Oxygen-Transport Systems of Human Organism to Lengthy Stay in Fire-Safe Gas Environment with High Argon Content), Disaster Medicine, 2019; 1(105): 33–37 (In Rus.).
1. Chumakov V.V., (Alternative approaches to the problem of fire prevention in the hermetical confined spaces), (Habitability of ships. Ensuring of the radiation and toxicological safety), Korablestroenie v XXI veke: problemy i perspektivy, (Shipbuilding in the XXI century: problems and prospects), Materials of the Interdisciplinary scientific and practical conference, St. Petersburg Publ., 2014, pp. 115–118 (In Rus.).
2. Sovetov V.I., Andreev S.P., Andreeva E.S., Chernin S.Ya., Seleznev D.G., Torshin G.S., Bardysheva O.F., Sposob sozdaniya uslovij dlya zhiznedeyatel’nosti cheloveka v special’nom germoob”ekte VMF, (The method of creating the environment for human life in the special hermetic object of Navy), Patent RF, No. 2520906, 2014, Bul. No. 18, 2014, pp. 24–29 (In Rus.).
3. Petrov V.A., Ivanov A.O., (Promising Ways to Increase the Fire Safety of Energy-Saturated Inhabited Sealed Objects), Bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti, (Life safety), 2017; 10: 37–39 (In Rus.).
4. Petrov V.A., Ivanov A.O., Kashirin M.A., Miheev V.A., (Application of air environments with reduced oxygen content to ensure fire safety of sealed inhabited objects), Bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti, (Life safety), 2018; 2: 47–50 (In Rus.).
5. Van Liere E.J., Stickney J.C., Gipoksiya, (Hypoxia), Moscow, Medicine Publ., 1967, 368 p. (In Rus.).
6. Pavlov B.N., Soldatov P.E., Diyachenko A.I., (The survival of experimental animals in hypoxic environments with argon), Aviatsionnaya i ekologicheskaya meditsina, (Aviation and ecological medicine), 1998; 32 (4): 33–37 (In Rus.).
7. Pavlov B.N., Buravkova L.B., Smolin V.V., Sokolov G.M., (The prolonged human staying in the altitude chamber under overpressure with oxygen-nitrogen-argon gaseous environment), Morskoi meditsinskii zhurnal, (Journal of marine medicine), 1999; 2: 18–21 (In Rus.).
8. Ivanov A.O., Petrov V.A., Bocharnikov M.S., Bezkishkii E.N., (Study of possibility for human of long stay in argon containing gaseous environment reducing fire risk in hermetically sealed facilities), Ekologiya cheloveka, (Human Ecology), 2017; 1: 1–7 (In Rus.).
9. Ivanov A.O., Petrov V.A., Bezkishkii E.N., Gudkov A.B., Eroshenko A.Yu., Groshilin S.M., (Evaluation of long-term effects of human’s continuous stay in argon containing hypoxic gaseous environment), Ekologiya cheloveka, (Human Ecology), 2017; 6: 9–13 (In Rus.).
10. Petrov V.A., Mayorov I.V., Ivanov A.O., Yatsinevich P.V., (Stand-model of ship premises for modeling of habitability and regimens of life “MHRL” and its engineering support), Voprosy oboronnoj tekhniki, (Issues of defensive technique), 2016; 7–8 (97–98): 104–110 (In Rus.).
11. Zagryadskij V.P., Sulimo-Samujllo Z.K., Metody issledovaniya v fiziologii voennogo truda, (Research methods in physiology of military work), Leningrad Publ., 1991, 112 p. (In Rus.).
12. Petrov V.A., Ivanov A.O., Bezkishkiy E.N., Eroshenko А.Yu., Groshilin S.M., Funkcional’noe sostoyanie cheloveka pri dlitel’noj germetizacii v gipoksicheskih argonosoderzhashchih sredah, povyshayushchih pozharobezopasnost’ obitaemyh germoob”ektov, (Human functional state for long sealing in hypoxic argon-containing environment increased the fire safety of inhabited hermetically sealed facilities), XXIII s”ezd fiziologicheskogo obshchestva im. I.P.Pavlova, Materials of XXIII Congress of the physiological society named after acad. I.P.Pavlov, Voronezh Publ., 2017. pp. 1481–1483 (In Rus.).
13. Sohranenie i povyshenie voenno-professional’noj rabotosposobnosti specialistov flota v processe uchebno-boevoj deyatel’nosti i v ehkstremal’nyh situaciyah, Maintaining and improving of military professional working capacity of fleet specialists during training and combat activities and in extreme situations: Guidelines, Ed. by Yu.M.Bobrov, V.I.Kuleshov, A.A.Myasnikov, Moscow Publ., 2013, 104 p. (In Rus.).
14. Bezkishkii E.N., Ivanov A.O., Petrov V.A., Eroshenko A.Yu., Groshilin V.S., Anistratenko L.G., Linchenko S.N., (Human working capacity in periodic stay in hypoxic air environments, reducing the fire hazard of sealed objects), Ekologiya cheloveka, (Human Ecology), 2018; 9: 4–11 (In Rus.).