DISASTER MEDICINE No. 4•2020
Problems of First Aid to Victims on Russian Ski Resorts
Garkavi A.V. 1, Dezhurny L.I. 2, Starkov A.S. 3
1 I.M.Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation
2 Central Research Institute For Health Organization And Informatics, the Ministry of Health of The Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation
3 All-Russian Centre for Disaster Medicine Zashchita of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russian Federation
Abstract. The purpose of the study is to determine the measures necessary for effective first aid to victims in specific conditions of ski complexes (GC).
Materials and methods of research. When forming the general theoretical base of the scientific research, we used extensive analytical material devoted to certain aspects of the organization of first aid and medical assistance to victims at the scene of the event, contained in the works of Russian and foreign scientists. A comprehensive comparative analysis of normative legal acts on the problem under consideration is performed.
Research results and their analysis. The issues of first aid to victims in ski resorts of the Russian Federation are considered. Attention is drawn to the insufficient powers of employees of emergency rescue units (ASF) to provide effective first aid, as defined by the legislation of the Russian Federation and other regulatory legal acts.
The article highlights the specifics of providing first aid to victims on ski slopes, proposals to expand the permissible actions of rescuers are substantiated, designed to ensure the maximum effectiveness of first aid during the “Golden hour” before the arrival of emergency medical teams. The recommended additions to the powers of specially trained rescuers are divided into first aid actions directly on the slope and actions at the control and rescue point at the foot of the mountain while waiting for the arrival of the SMP team. The most significant proposals for expanding such powers include the possibility of infusion therapy, the use of general analgesics, and the installation of an air duct in the absence of consciousness of the victim.
Keywords: ambulance, extended first aid, first aid, “Golden hour”, rescuers, ski resorts, victims
For citation: Garkavi A.V., Dezhurny L.I., Starkov A.S. Problems of First Aid to Victims on Russian Ski Resorts. Meditsina katastrof = Disaster Medicine. 2020; 4: 48-52 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.33266/2070-1004-2020-4-48-52
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The material was received 24.09.20; the article after peer review procedure 05.11.20; the Editorial Board accepted the article for publication 30.11.20