Gumenyuk S.A. 1, Mirgorodskaya O.V. 2

1 State Budgetary Health Institution of Moscow «Scientific and Practical Center of Emergency Medical Care of the Moscow City Health Department», Moscow, Russian Federation

2 Federal Scientific State Budgetary Institution «N.A.Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health», Moscow, Russian Federation

UDK 614.883

Pр. 48–52

The article presents a brief overview of foreign experience in the use of helicopters for sanitary aviation evacuation and inter-hospital transportation of victims in acute condition and with injury.

Key wordsair medical teams, emergency medical care, helicopters, injured, inter-hospital transportation, sanitary aviation evacuation, sanitary aviation, victims in acute condition

For citation: Gumenyuk S.A., Mirgorodskaya O.V., (From Foreign Experience on Helicopter Use for Evacuation and Inter-Hospital Transportation of Victims with Traumas and in Acute Condition), Disaster Medicine, 2018; 4(104): 48–52 (In Rus.)


1. Moore L., (Measuring quality and effectiveness of prehospital EMS), Prehosp. Emerg Care, 1999; 3; 4: 325–331.

2. McGinnis KK, Judge T, Nemitz B, et al., (Air Medical Services: Future Development as an Integrated Component of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) System), Prehosp. Emerg. Care, 2007; 11: 353–368.

3. Asia Pacific Region Civil Helicopter Fleet Report, Year End 2016, Asian Sky Group, 2017, 50 p.

4. Roudsari BS, Nathens AB, Cameron P, et al., (International comparison of prehospital trauma care systems), Injury, 2007; 38: 993–1000.

5. Timmermann A, Russo SG, Hollmann MW., (Paramedic versus emergency physician emergency medical service: role of the anaesthesiologist and the European versus the Anglo-American concept), Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, 2008; 21; 2: 222–227.

6. Galvagno SM, Jr., Haut ER, Zafar SN, et al., (Association between helicopter vs ground emergency medical services and survival for adults with major trauma), JAMA, 2012; 307: 1602–1610.

7. Mulholland SA, Cameron PA, Gabbe BJ, et al., (Prehospital prediction of the severity of blunt anatomic injury), J. Trauma, 2008; 64: 754–760.

8. Bledsoe BE, Wesley AK, Eckstein M, Dunn TM, O’Keefe MF., (Helicopter scene transport of trauma patients with nonlife-threatening injuries: a metaanalysis), J. Trauma, 2006; 60: 1257–1265.

9. Eckstein M, Jantos T, Kelly N, Cardillo A., (Helicopter transport of pediatric trauma patients in an urban emergency medical services system: a critical analysis), J. Trauma, 2002; 53: 340-344.

10. Butler DP, Anwar I, Willett K., (Is it the H or the EMS in HEMS that has an impact on trauma patient mortality? A systematic review of the evidence), Emerg. Med. J., 2010; 27: 692-701.

11. Jablonowski A., (Position paper on the appropriate use of emergency air medical services), J. Air Med. Transport, 1990; Sept.: 29–33.

12. Benson N, Hankins D, Wilcox D., (Air medical dispatch: guidelines for scene response [position paper]), Prehosp. Disaster Med., 1992: 75–78.

13. Thomson DP, Thomas SH., (Guidelines for air medical dispatch), Prehosp. Emerg. Care, 2003; 7: 265-271.

14. (Position statement of the Air Medical Physician Association. Medical condition list and appropriate use of air medical transport), Air Med J., 2003; 22; 3: 14–19.

15. Clinical policy of the American College of Emergency Physicians. Appropriate utilization of air medical transport in the out-of-hospital setting. Originally approved March 1999; revised and approved April 2008. www.acep.org/content

16. Centers for Disease Control. Guidelines for field triage of injured patients: recommendations of the national expert panel on field triage, 2011, MMWR Recomm Rep., 2012; 61: 1–20.

17. Thomas SH, Brown KM, Oliver ZJ, Spaite DW, Lawner BJ, Sahni R, Weik TS, Falck-Ytter Y, Wright JL, Lang ES, (An evidence-based guideline for the air medical transportation of prehospital trauma patients), Prehospital Emergency Care, 2014; 18; 1: 35-44.

18. Black JJM, Ward ME, Lockey DJ, (Appropriate use of helicopters to transport trauma patients from incident scene to hospital in the United Kingdom: an algorithm), Emerg. Med. J., 2004; 21: 355–361.

19. Den Hartog D, Romeo J, Ringburg AN, Verhofstad MH, Van Lieshout EM, (Survival benefit of physician-staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) assistance for severely injured patients), Injury, 2015; 46: 1281-1286.

20. Committee on Trauma. Resources for Optimal Care of the Injured Patient. Chicago, IL: American College of Surgeons; 2006.

21. Ringburg AN, de RG, Thomas SH, van Lieshout EM, Patka P, Schipper IB, (Validity of helicopter emergency medical services dispatch criteria for traumatic injuries: a systematic review), Prehosp. Emerg. Care, 2009; 13: 28-36.

22. Lerner EB, Billittier AJt, Sikora J, Moscati RM, (Use of a geographic information system to determine appropriate Means of Trauma Patient Transport), Academic Emergency Medicine, 1999; 6; 11: 1127-1133.

23. Brown JB, Gestring ML, Guyette FX, et al., (Helicopter transport improves survival following injury in the absence of a time-saving advantage), Surgery, 2016; 159: 947-959.

24. Stewart CL, Metzger RR, Pyle L, Darmofal J, Scaife E, Moulton SL, (Helicopter versus ground emergency medical services for the transportation of traumatically injured children), J. Pediatr. Surg., 2015; 50: 347-352.

25. Shepherd MV, Trethewy CE, Kennedy J, Davis L, (Helicopter use in rural trauma), Emerg. Med. Australasia, 2008; 20: 494-499.

26. Brandstrom H, Winso O, Lindholm L, Haney M, (Regional intensive care transports: a prospective analysis of distance, time and cost for road, helicopter and fixed-wing ambulances), Scand. J. Trauma Resusc. Emerg. Med., 2014: 22-36.

27. Diaz MA, Hendey GW, Bivins HG, (When is the helicopter faster? A comparison of helicopter and ground ambulance transport times), J. Trauma, 2005; 58: 148-153.

28. Brown JB, Rosengart MR, Billiar TR, Peitzman AB, Sperry JL, (Distance matters: Effect of geographic trauma system resource organization on fatal motor vehicle collisions), J. Trauma Acute Care Surg., 2017; 8; 3: 111-118.

29. Jansen JO, Morrison JJ, Wang H, Lawrenson R, Egan G, Campbell MK, (Optimizing trauma system design: GEOS (Geospartial Evaluation of System of Trauma Care) approach), J. Trauma Acute Care Surg., 2014; 76: 1035-1040.

30. Klemenc-Ketis Z, Tomazin I, Kersnik J, (HEMS in Slovenia: one country, four models, different quality outcomes), Air Med., 2012; 31; 6: 298-304.

31. Moylan JA, Impact of helicopters on trauma care and clinical results, Annals of Surgery, 1988; 208; 6: 673-678.

32. Brown JB. Stassen NA, Bankey PE, Sangosanya AT, ChengJD, Gestring ML, (Helicopters improve survival in seriously injured patients requiring interfacility transfer for definitive care), J. Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 2011; 70: 310-314.

33. Mitchell AD, Tallon JM, Sealy B, (Air versus ground transport of major trauma patients to a tertiary traumacentre: a province-wide comparison using TRISS analysis), Canadian J. Surgery, 2007; 50; 2: 129-133.